What are the flaws in the current budgeting for the police? Which area...

  Jul 11, 2017

What are the flaws in the current budgeting for the police? Which areas in Policing needs modernization for effective policing?

As the law enforcement agency of the government and the first point of contact in the criminal justice system, the police is critical for sound law and order, and a good quality of life. There is perceptible dissatisfaction with policing in India today. It is often argued that poor resourcing is part of the problem, and that the police require a higher quantum of budgetary allocations.

Maharashtra Police: An example
Spending on the modernization of police
The two examples demonstrate different problems with police budgets. Either funds are spent entirely on salaries, with little left for capacity building, or are underutilized even though they are not enough to begin with.

Desired outcomes of Policing
As with any budget, police budgets too need to be tied to outcomes. Broadly, the desired outcomes of policing are
1) safety and security of citizens;
2) collection of intelligence;
3) investigation of crime;
4) sound public order.

In the current form, budgets only fund salaries, and thus are not fully aligned to create conditions conducive for outcomes. First and foremost, aligning budgets to these outcomes will require outlays to fully cover the office or operating expenses of the police station. It is estimated that office or operation costs for running a police station in an urban area are around Rs5–6 lakhs per year, while the figure for rural areas is between Rs4-5 lakh per year. This cost estimate covers expenses on any item of miscellaneous nature, such as stationery, translations, etc., while performing police duty.

Capacity Building
A dynamic process of evaluating the needs of effective policing, and aligning the budgets accordingly is an important step towards achieving a well-functioning police