U.N.-75 declaration delayed

  Aug 08, 2020

U.N.-75 declaration delayed

Q. What’s the issue?

A. Commemorative declaration marking the 75th anniversary of the signing of the U.N. Charter has been delayed.

Q. What is UN Charter ?

A. The Charter of the United Nations (also known as the UN Charter) of 1945 is the foundational treaty of the United Nations, an intergovernmental organisation. The UN Charter articulated a commitment to uphold human rights of citizens and outlined a broad set of principles relating to achieving ‘higher standards of living’, addressing ‘economic, social, health, and related problems,’ and ‘universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter. 

Q What are the objectives of Charter?

A. Conceived above all as a means to save future generations from the scourge of war, the Charter calls for the organisation to maintain international peace and security; promote social progress and better standards of life; strengthen international law; and promote human rights.

Q. Why is the declaration delayed?

A. Member states could not reach an agreement on phraseology. They have objected to the use of a phrase “shared vision of a common future”. Because, the phrase, “community with a shared future for mankind” is closely associated with the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) and especially Chinese President Xi Jinping as an articulation of the country’s vision for the world.

Q. Who is opposing the declaration?

A. The Five Eyes — the U.S., the U.K., Australia, New Zealand and Canada — along with India, have objected.

Q.What is Five Eyes?

A.The Five Eyes (FVEY) is an intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence. The origins of the FVEY can be traced back to the post–World War II period, when the Atlantic Charter was issued by the Allies to lay out their goals for a post-war world.

Q.What is Silence process ?

A.With this objection, the ‘silence’ process (a procedure by which a resolution passes if no formal objections are raised within a stipulated time) has been broken.

Q.What is China’s stand ?

A.China, on behalf of itself and Russia, Syria and Pakistan raised objections to the silence being broken.

Q.What the countries demand?

A.The objecting countries wanted the resolution to read, “We will work together with partners to strengthen coordination and global governance for the common good of present and future generations and to realise our shared vision for a better future as envisaged in the preamble of the UN Charter.”