Traffic Crash Injuries And Disabilities: The Burden on India Society- ...
Feb 28, 2021
Traffic Crash Injuries And Disabilities: The Burden on India Society- World bank report on road accidents
Q. Why is this in news?
- Recently, the Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways released the World Bank Report titled “Traffic Crash Injuries And Disabilities: The Burden on India Society”.
- The Report has been prepared in collaboration with the NGO-Save Life Foundation.
- The survey data was collected from four Indian states i.e. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
Q. What are the Global Fatalities due to Road Accidents?
- Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) - Eighth leading cause of death.
- Road Crash Fatality Rate - Three times higher in low-income countries compared to high-income countries.
- Road Accidents and Related Deaths in India:
- Accounts for 11% of the global death in road accidents, the highest in the world.
- Accounts for about 4.5 lakh road crashes per annum, in which 1.5 lakh people die.
Q. What are the Economic Impacts of Road Accidents?
- Estimated Economic Loss - 3.14% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), indicating underreporting phenomenon in the country.
- Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) Estimates -
- Socio-economic cost of Road Crashes is equivalent to 0.77% of the GDP.
- 76.2% of people who are killed in road crashes are in their prime working-age, 18-45 years.
Q. What is the Social Impact?
- Burden on Households:
- At the individual level, road crash injuries and deaths impose a severe financial burden and push entire (non-poor) households into poverty and the already poor into debt.
- Every road accident death causes depletion of nearly seven months’ household income in poor families, and pushes the kin of victims in a cycle of poverty and debt.
- Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs):
- VRUs bear a disproportionately large burden of road crashes and account for more than half of all road crash deaths and serious injuries in the country.
- It is often the poor, especially male road-users of working age, that constitute the category of VRUs.
- Daily wage workers and workers employed as casual labourers in informal activities are more prone to be defined as vulnerable compared to workers engaged in regular activities.
- In India, where VRUs are forced to share space with other less vulnerable road users, the income level of an individual has a direct bearing on the mode of transport used.
- Gender Specific Impact:
- Women in the families of victims bore the burden across poor and rich households, often taking up extra work, assuming greater responsibilities, and performing caregiving activities.
- About 50% of women were severely affected by the decline in their household income after a crash.
- About 40% of women reported a change in their working patterns post-accident, while around 11% reported taking up extra work to deal with the financial crisis.
- Rural-Urban Divide:
- The income decline for low-income rural households (56%) was the most severe compared to low-income urban (29.5%) and high-income rural households (39.5%).
Q. What are the Steps Taken at Global Level?
Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety (2015):
- The declaration was signed at the second Global High-Level Conference on Road Safety held in Brazil. India is a signatory to the Declaration.
- The countries plan to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 3.6 i.e. to half the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents by 2030.
- Decade for Road Safety:
- The United Nations (UN) declared 2011-2020 as the decade of action for Road Safety.
- UN Global Road Safety Week:
- It is celebrated every two years, the fifth edition (held from 6-12 May 2019) highlighted the need for strong leadership for road safety.
- The International Road Assessment Programme (iRAP) :
- It is a registered charity dedicated to saving lives through safer roads.
Q. What are the Steps Taken by Indian Government?
- Motor Vehicles Amendment Act, 2019:
- The Act hikes the penalties for traffic violations, defective vehicles, juvenile driving, etc.
- It provides for a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund, which would provide compulsory insurance cover to all road users in India for certain types of accidents.
- It also provides for a National Road Safety Board, to be created by the Central Government through a notification.
- It also provides for the protection of good samaritans.