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Today's Practice Question

  Sep 11, 2020

Today's Practice Question

Que. 1. ‘Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation. Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (UPSC - 2018) [150 Words]
Ans.: 
Communalism in the Indian context refers to the ideology which states that society is divided into different religious communities whose interests differ from, and at times oppose, each other. Historically, Indian society has been regarded as a melting pot of various religions that have been tolerant of each other. However, the British policy of divide and rule laid the foundations of communalism which the Indian state has found hard to tackle post-independence.
Communalism indeed arises due to power struggle and relative deprivation
Power struggle
Power struggle between political parties leading to vote bank politics with each trying to garner votes based on identity markers such as religion. Eg. Congress and BJP both trying to appease Muslims and in turn strengthening the Hindu Muslim divide. Between majority and minority groups. Eg. Sikhs and Hindus. 
Relative deprivation

Way Forward:
There is a need to initiate the process of de-communalization of the people at all levels, say, by exposing communal assumptions, by explaining to them the socio-economic and political roots of communalism, and by letting them know that what the communalists project as problems are not the real problem and what they suggest as remedies are not the real remedies.

Que. 2. What are the causes of communalism in post independent India? Suggest effective measures to combat communalism.  [200 Words]
Ans.: 
Communalism, in a broad sense means a strong attachment to one’s own community. In popular discourse in India, it is understood as unhealthy attachment to one’s own religion. It’s an ideology that, in order to unify the community, suppresses distinctions within the community and emphasizes the essential unity of the community against other communities. In this way it promotes belief in orthodox tenets and principles, intolerance and hatred of other religions and thus, divides the society.
Causes of Communalism in Post Independent India:

Long-Term Remedy for Communalism

The ideology that economic development, industrialization, the growth of capitalism and the growth of the working class would automatically weaken and ultimately eliminate communalism should not be overplayed.