Today's Practice Question

  Sep 04, 2020

Today's Practice Question

Que. 1. “An essential condition to eradicate poverty is to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.” Substantiate this statement with suitable examples. (UPSC - 2016) [150 Words] 
Ans. Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials for a minimum standard of living. It can be defined objectively and applied consistently only in terms of the concept of relative deprivation and deprivation is a condition of lacking or not having something. Therefore, poverty and deprivation are closely related. So poverty is a multi-dimensional concept that encompasses not only economic deprivation, but also deprivation of opportunities as well as deprivation of basic needs such as health, education, housing etc. 
To eradicate poverty, it is essential to liberate the poor from the process of deprivation.
It is possible by ensuring adequate foods, education, skill sets, free healthcare services, and a job to fulfil their economic needs.
Recognising this, the government policies have shifted away from traditional poverty alleviation schemes to a more multipronged approach to end this process of deprivation. 

The steps taken by the government are in the right direction and will go a long way in ending the process of deprivation if implemented effectively.  
Que. 2. What is the capability theory of poverty? How it is considered better than the traditional material theory of poverty? [150 Words] 
Nobel Laurette Amartya Sen has given “Capability theory of poverty” which introduced a paradigm shift in the way that poverty is not only the lack of income or resource but also incapability the poor to do something.  
Is it better than traditional material theory of poverty which takes into consideration only economic notion of poverty because :

Thus all these highlights that capability theory of poverty is considered better than traditional material theory of poverty.