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Today's Practice Question

  Sep 02, 2020

Today's Practice Question

Que. 1. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes? (UPSC 2015) (150 Words)
Ans. Sex ratio in tribes are more favourable to women than sex ration among Scheduled caste as according to Census 2011 Sex ratio among scheduled tribes is 990, while for scheduled caste is 945 and overall it is 943. 
Reason for this favourable sex ratio among scheduled tribes are: 

However, as observed among more educated tribal those who are mainstreamed into urbanism, sex selection has begun also better sex ratio might  be attributed to lack of access to pre-natal diagnostic technologies. 
 
 
Que. 2. Senior citizens are gradually being marginalised from our mainstream Social life. Why? (150 Words) 
Ans. Social exclusion is a phenomenon linked to the concept of exclusion from work, racism and discrimination.
They are gradually marginalized from our mainstream social life, reason for which are : 
  1. Intergenerational Conflict because of sometimes their conservative attitude.
  2. Westernization and growing individualism and materialism in society.
  3. Change in value system.
  4. Disintegration of Joint family system.
  5. Cultural shock due to rapid changes
  6. Technological constraints.  
  7. Financial dependency.
  8. Powerlessness with respect to decision making.
  9. Health issues as advances in medical technology over the past years have promoted longevity but not good health.
  10. Migration of younger members to cities, and acute paucity of accommodation in urban areas and exorbitant rents which act as a strong disincentive for bringing old parents to live with them.
  11. Displacement of folk knowledge with the scientific knowledge has lowered their status to such an extent old persons are treated as a burden on the limited resources of the family.