Que. Write a short note on Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR).
The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is an international accelerator facility under construction which will use antiprotons and ions to perform research in the fields of: nuclear and particle physics, high density plasma physics, biology and the bio-medical sciences. Atomic, Plasma Physics and Applications (APPA) is another area.It is situated in Darmstadt inGermany.
The construction began 2017 and commissioning is planned for 2025.
India is a member of the FAIR and holds 3.5 percent of the FAIR ownership.
Indian Researchers, under the guidance of the Department of Science and Technology(DST) and the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), Government of India, have been working since 2005 in identifying the areas of participation both in experiments and accelerator components. Indian scientists are engaged in building detectors for the major experimental programmes of FAIR, i.e. NUSTAR (Nuclear Structure, Astrophysics and Reactions), CBM (Compressed Baryonic Matter) and PANDA (Antiproton Annihilation at Darmstadt). Another area of major participation is building equipment to be used at the heart of the FAIR accelerator.