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Stardust 1.O: the first rocket to run on biofuel

  Feb 05, 2021

Stardust 1.O: the first rocket to run on biofuel

Q. Why is this in news? 

Stardust 1.O was recently launched from Maine, the US has become the first commercial space launch powered by biofuel.

Q. What is Stardust 1.O?

Q. Why such missions are important?

Q. What is Biofuel?

Q. What are categories of biofuels?

Biofuels are generally classified into three categories. They are :

  1. First-generation biofuels – First-generation biofuels are made from sugar, starch, vegetable oil, or animal fats using conventional technology. Common first-generation biofuels include Bioalcohols, Biodiesel, Vegetable oil, Bioethers, Biogas.
  2. Second-generation biofuels – These are produced from non-food crops, such as cellulosic biofuels and waste biomass (stalks of wheat and corn, and wood). Examples include advanced biofuels like biohydrogen, bioethanol.
  3. Third-generation biofuels – These are produced from micro-organisms like algae.