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RESEARCH AND NEW METHODS OF CANCER TREATMENT

  Jun 20, 2020

RESEARCH AND NEW METHODS OF CANCER TREATMENT

What is the annual cancer Incidence in India?

As per the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the estimated number of incidence of cancer cases reported in the country during the three years is given below:

YearEstimated Incidence of cancer cases
201614,51,417
201715,17,426
201815,86,571

What are the efforts of Govt to control Cancer in India?

Health is a state subject and the Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments in preventing and controlling cancer by following initiatives. 

  1. The objectives of National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS), being implemented by Central Government under National Health Mission (NHM) for interventions up to the district level, includes awareness generation for cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment. For cancer,  the focus is on three cancers, namely breast, cervical and oral.  
  2. A population-level initiative for prevention, control and screening for common Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) i.e. diabetes, hypertension and common cancers viz. oral, breast and cervical cancer, has been rolled out in over 215 districts of the country, as a part of comprehensive primary healthcare. 
  3. Screening of common NCDs including three common cancers i.e. oral, breast and cervical is also an integral part of service delivery under Ayushman Bharat - Health and Wellness Centres. 
  4. Cancer is diagnosed and treated at various levels in the health care system. In Government hospitals, treatment is either free or highly subsidized. 
  5. Treatment of cancers is also available under Ayushman Bharat - PradhanMantri Jan ArogyaYojana (PMJAY). 
  6. Besides this, Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) Deendayal outlets have been opened at 203 Institutions/Hospitals with an objective to make available drugs and implants at discounted prices to the patients. 
  7. Under the umbrella scheme of Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi, financial assistance is provided to families living below the threshold poverty line for their treatment, including treatment of cancer, in Government hospitals.
  8. To enhance the facilities for tertiary care of cancer, the Central Government is implementing Strengthening of Tertiary Care for Cancer Scheme, under which setting up of 19 State Cancer Institutes (SCI) and 20 Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC) have been approved.  
  9. Further, Oncology is also one of the focus areas in case of new AIIMS and many upgraded institutions under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY). 
  10. Setting up of National Cancer Institute at Jhajjar in Haryana and strengthening of Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, are also steps in the same direction.
  11. 5  new cancer hospitals have been approved in the last three years in Varanasi (UP), Vishakhapatnam (Andhra), Mullanpur (Punjab), Guwahati (Assam), Muzzafarpur (Bihar). 

What are the research efforts being taken in Cancer treatment by Govt of India?

  1. Scientific Institutions/Departments such as Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Department of Biotechnology and    Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)support research in various filed including treatment of cancer. 
  2. Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), Kerala, has developed a technology to make Curcumin, an active ingredient in Turmeric with anti-cancer properties, water-soluble by binding it with human albumin. This research was supported by ICMR. More studies are however needed to get regulatory nod.