Religious Conversion and Quota Benefits

  Nov 15, 2021

Religious Conversion and Quota Benefits

Q What is the context  ?

A In a retaliatory move, a state minister has alleged about a decorated officer serving in the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB), has benefitted from the reservation for Scheduled Castes (SCs) despite being Muslim.

Q How is Quota and religion related ?

Q What is the  Role of Religion in eligibility for the SC Quota ?

The position on SC status and conversions are as following :

  1. A person shall be held to be a member of a SC or ST if he belongs to a caste, or a tribe which has been declared as such.
  2. No person who professes a religion different from the Hindu or the Sikh religion shall be deemed to be a member of the SCs.
  3. Further a person belonging to a SC or ST will continue to be deemed as such irrespective of his/her marriage to a non-Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe.
  4. However, a convert or re-convert to Hinduism and Sikhism shall be accepted as a member of SC if he has been received back and accepted as a member of the concerned SC.
  5. No such religion-based bar, however, operates for STs and Other Backward Classes (OBCs).

Q What about STs?

Q Is the exclusion of Muslims and Christians discriminatory?

Q In inter-caste marriages, can mother’s caste be the caste of the couple’s child?

Q What is Govt. stance on this ?