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Reforming the fertilizer sector

  Jan 02, 2022

Reforming the fertilizer sector

Q What is the context  ?

A Since 1991, when economic reforms began in India, several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill, promote the efficient use of fertilizers, achieve balanced use of N, P, and K (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium), and reduce water and air pollution caused by fertilizers like urea.

Several attempts have been made to reform the fertilizer sector to keep a check on the rising fertilizer subsidy bill.

Q What is  the background behind subsidy of fertilizers ?

Q What should be the area of reforms ?

A Reforms are needed to promote in three key areas:

1) The efficient use of fertilizers.

2) To achieve balanced use of N, P, and K (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium).

3) To reduce water and air pollution caused by fertilizers like urea.

Q What are Challenges in the fertilizer sector ?

A A] Distortion in use due to price difference

2] Increasing fertilizer subsidy

3] Import dependence

Q What is the need to shift our focus to Bio-fertilizers ?

Q What can be the Way forward ?