Poshan Abhiyaan Targets Unmet

  Jun 09, 2020

Poshan Abhiyaan Targets Unmet

Poshan Abhiyaan was launched in 2018 by the Prime Minister in Jhunjhunu and is a flagship program of the Ministry of Women and Child Development Government of India.

Why do we need this scheme?

India faces an acute problem of malnutrition. According to National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4), 38.% of India’s children aged less than 5 years are stunted (less height for their age), 21% are wasted (less weight for their height) and 35.7% are underweight. India also ranks low 100th out of 119 countries on 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI) and was placed at high end of “serious” category in GHI severity scale, owing mainly to fact that one in every five children under age 5 is “wasted” (low weight for height). 

What are the targets?

Why haven’t targets been achieved?

A recent study led by Akshay Swaminathan (Department of Statistics, Harvard University), titled ‘On Burden of child malnutrition in India-a view from parliamentary constituencies’(PCs), states that currently, stunting in children under 5 is 38.4%

“Further research is required to determine the exact mechanism for intrastate malnutrition variation across PCs. Government has to focus on a multilevel analysis of household poverty and health spending at the local level.”

The government should be more vigilant about the responsibilities given to MPs in case of implementation and which PCs need more focus.