What is PM VDY?
Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY) is a Market Linked Tribal Entrepreneurship Development Program for forming clusters of tribal SHGs (Van Dhan Vikas Kendras) and strengthening them into Tribal Producer Companies has been launched with participation from all the 27 States from the Country.
Tribal producer companies are similar to Farmer producer companies in their conception, aim is to increase bargaining power and income of primary producer through value addition and larger share in value chain through enhanced bargaining power.
The scheme is to be implemented by TRIFED.
Clusters of Tribal SHG Tribal producer companies
One Tribal SHG of 30 members Van Dhan Vikas Samuh
10 Van Dhan Vikas Samuh Van Dhan Vikas Kendra
What is a Van Dhan Vikas Kendra?
The establishment of “Van Dhan Vikas Kendra” is for providing skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility.
Under Van Dhan Vikas Kendra, 10 Self Help Groups of 30 Tribal gatherers is constituted. They are then trained and provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the jungle. Working under the leadership of Collector these groups can then market their products not only within the States but also outside the States. Training and technical support is provided by TRIFED. It is proposed to develop 30,000 such centers in the country.
The Van Dhan Vikas Kendras will be important milestone in economic development of tribals involved in collection of MFPs by helping them in optimum utilization of natural resources and provide sustainable MFP-based livelihood in MFP-rich districts.
What is three stage value addition, role of private entrepreneur and government in PM VDY?
The stock after primary processing shall be supplied by these SHGs at Van Dhan Vikas Kendra to the State Implementing Agencies or direct tie up for supply to corporate secondary processor.
For creation of secondary level value addition facility at district level and tertiary level value addition facility at State level, Big Corporates shall be involved under PPP model. This PPP model will be based on utilizing Private entrepreneur skills in undertaking processing as well as marketing of the produce. These will be sophisticated large value addition hubs managed by Private entrepreneur.
Central/ State Govt. support in terms of creating infrastructure and providing enabling environment for undertaking value addition of systematic scientific lines.
What are objectives of PM VDY?
What is minor forest produce and its importance for tribal?
An important source of livelihoods for tribal people are non-wood forest products, generally termed 'Minor Forest Produce (MFP)' means all non-timber forest produce of plant origin and will include bamboo, canes, fodder, leaves, gums, waxes, dyes, resins and many forms of food including nuts, wild fruits, Honey, Lac, Tusser etc.
What is TRIFED?
The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) came into existence in 1987. It is a national-level apex organization functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
TRIFED is engaged in marketing development of tribal products and provides marketing support to the products made by tribals through a network of retail outlets, which presently consist of 29 of its own outlets located throughout the country and 14 State Government organization’s Show Rooms.
The core objective was institutionalizing the trade of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and Surplus Agriculture Produce (SAP) collected/cultivated by tribal as tribal are heavily dependent on these natural products for their livelihood. However, they did not use to get remunerative prices due to middle-men and unscrupulous traders exploiting the naiveté of Tribals. TRIFED also works as an agency to the FCI for procurement of Wheat and Rice.
It mainly undertakes two functions