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Party Whip

  Sep 07, 2020

Party Whip

Q. Why is this in news recently ?

A. Congress chief whip in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly has moved the Supreme Court against a State High Court direction to the Speaker to maintain status quo in the disqualification proceedings initiated against ousted MLAs under the anti-defection law.

Q. What is a whip?

Q. What are the role of whips?

A.They try to ensure that their fellow political party legislators attend voting sessions and vote according to their party’s official policy.

Q. What happens if a whip is disobeyed?

A. A legislator may face disqualification proceedings if she/he disobeys the whip of the party unless the number of lawmakers defying the whip is 2/3rds of the party’s strength in the house. Disqualification is decided by the Speaker of the house.

Q. What are Limitations of whip:

A. There are some cases such as Presidential elections where whips cannot direct a Member of Parliament (MP) or Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) to vote in a particular fashion.

Q. What’s the court guidelines regarding whip?

A. Constitution Bench judgment of the Supreme Court in the Kihoto Hollohan case of 1992

had categorically held that courts should not intervene in disqualification proceedings prior to a final decision from the Speaker. Judicial review of disqualification proceedings was very limited. 

Q. What are Types of whips:

A. There are three types of whips or instructions issued by the party

  1. One-line whip: Issued to inform members of a party about a vote. It allows a member to abstain in case they decide not to follow the party line.
  2. Two-line whip: Issued to direct the members to be present in the House at the time of voting.
  3. Three-line whip: Issued to members directing them to vote as per the party line.