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OBC sub-categorisation: Findings and progress

  Dec 17, 2020

OBC sub-categorisation: Findings and progress

Q. Why is this in news? 

Q. What is sub-categorisation of OBCs?

Q. Who is examining sub-categorisation?

OBC sub-categorization panel gets 4th extension – Civilsdaily

Q. What are its terms of references?

It was originally set up with three terms of reference:

* To examine the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among the castes or communities included in the broad category of OBCs with reference to such classes included in the Central List;

* To work out the mechanism, criteria, norms and parameters in a scientific approach for sub-categorisation within such OBCs;

* To take up the exercise of identifying the respective castes or communities or sub-castes or synonyms in the Central List of OBCs and classifying them into their respective sub-categories.

A fourth was added on January 22, 2020, when the Cabinet granted it an extension:

* To study the various entries in the Central List of OBCs and recommend correction of any repetitions, ambiguities, inconsistencies and errors of spelling or transcription.

The fourth term of reference was added following a letter to the government from the Commission on July 30, 2019.

“In process of preparing the sub-categorised central list of OBCs, the Commission has noted several ambiguities in the list as it stands now. The Commission is of the opinion that these have to be clarified/rectified before the sub-categorised central list is prepared. 

Q. What progress has it made so far?

Q. What have its findings been so far?

The findings were:

* 97% of all jobs and educational seats have gone to just 25% of all sub-castes classified as OBCs;

* 24.95% of these jobs and seats have gone to just 10 OBC communities;

* 983 OBC communities — 37% of the total — have zero representation in jobs and educational institutions;

* 994 OBC sub-castes have a total representation of only 2.68% in recruitment and admissions

Q. What is the level of OBC recruitment in central jobs?

Q. How do these data compare with OBCs’ share in the population?