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Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and India’s Membership

  Jun 10, 2020

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and India’s Membership

Why in news?

Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a pitch for India’s membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in New York in September 2019.

Who are the NSG countries?

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear - those with nuclear technology for civilian or civilian and military purposes,  countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment, and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.

What are its features?

India is not a member of NSG. Why?

What is the NPT? 

  1. The NPT defines “nuclear weapons states” as those that tested devices before 1967, which means India cannot ever be a member while having a nuclear weapon as India tested in 1974. 
  2. No fixed timelines have been mentioned for disarmament by the nuclear weapon countries 
  3. NPT is unfair treaty as nuclear weapon states have no obligation to give them up while non-nuclear states are not allowed to have them.

What is China’s position?

What is India’s Response?

Why is it Important for India to be an NSG member?

What factors are in favor of India’s membership?