Q. What is the Nature Index?
A. The Nature Index is a database of several author affiliations and institutional relationships. It tracks contributions to research articles published in high-quality natural science journals, chosen by an independent group of researchers.
Q. Which organisation is responsible for its compilation?
A. It is compiled by Nature Research, a division of the international scientific publishing company Springer Nature.
Q. What is its significance?
A. It serves as an indicator of high-quality research in the Natural and Physical Sciences. & provides several metrics to track research output and collaboration.
Q. What are the sectors covered?
A. Institutions in the Nature Index are assigned to one or more sectors based on the type of institution, and are categorised into one or more of the following sectors:
1. Academic (e.g. universities)
2. Corporate (e.g. private companies)
3. Government (e.g. government research facilities)
4. Healthcare (e.g. hospitals, healthcare companies)
5. NPO/NGO (not-for-profit, non-government foundations).
Q. How is the performance of Indian institutions?
A. Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Kolkata remained 7th position, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore at 14th position and S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata at 30th position in the Index.