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National Security Council (NSC)

  Mar 09, 2020

National Security Council (NSC)

What is the structure of the NSC?

The National Security Council (NSC) is an executive government agency tasked with advising the Prime Minister's Office on matters of national security and strategic interest. It was established in 1998. The NSC is the apex body of the three-tiered structure of the national security management system in India. The other two tiers are the Strategic Policy Group, and the National Security Advisory Board 

What is SPG?

The Strategic Policy Group forms the nucleus of the decision-making apparatus of the NSC. Earlier, Cabinet Secretary was its chairman, but now National Security Advisor is the chairman of the group and it consists of senior government serving officers. 

The Strategic Policy Group undertakes the Strategic Defence Review, a blueprint of short and long term security threats, as well as possible policy options on a priority basis. 

Who make up the NSAB and what does it do?

The National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) consists of a group of eminent national security experts outside of the government. Members are usually senior retired officials, civilian as well as military, academics and distinguished members of civil society drawn from and having expertise in Internal and External Security, Foreign Affairs, Defence, Science & Technology and Economic Affairs. 

The board meets at least once a month, and more frequently as required. It provides a long-term prognosis and analysis to the NSC and recommends solutions and address policy issues referred to it.

Who is NSA and how did his rank change recently?

The National Security Advisor (NSA) is the senior official on the National Security Council (NSC) of India, and the chief Advisor to the Prime Minister of India on national and international security policy. 

National Security Adviser (NSA) is elevated to the rank of Union Cabinet Minister recently.