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  Jun 25, 2021


Q Why is it in News ?

A number of Covid-19 patients are developing a serious fungal infection known as Mucormycosis also called black fungus.

Q What is Mucormycosis ? 

  • It is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes, which is abundant in the environment.
  • It mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness.
  • The types of Mucormycosis are: Rhinocerebral (Sinus and Brain), Pulmonary (Lung), Gastrointestinal, Cutaneous (Skin), and disseminated Mucormycosis.

Q How is it transmitted ? 

  • It occurs through inhalation, inoculation, or ingestion of spores from the environment.
  • Mucormycosis does not spread between people or between people and animals.

Q What are its Symptoms ? 

  • These include pain and redness around eyes and/or nose, fever, headache, coughing, shortness of breath, bloody vomits, and altered mental status.
  • Warning signs can include toothache, loosening of teeth, blurred or double vision with pain.

Q How can it be prevented ?

  • Avoiding areas with a lot of dust like construction or excavation sites, avoiding direct contact with water-damaged buildings and flood water after hurricanes and natural disasters and avoiding activities that involve close contact to soil.

Q What is its treatment ? 

  • Mucormycosis needs to be treated with prescription antifungal medicine.
  • In some cases, it can require surgery.