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"Left Wing Extremism (LWE) situation in the country has been improving...

  Sep 03, 2018

"Left Wing Extremism (LWE) situation in the country has been improving consistently." Where is the problem still widespread in India and what has caused improvement in the situation?

The and is now well under control. Currently 30 districts in 7 States(Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Odisha and Telangana ) are most affected by LWE violence. These 30 districts contributed 88% of violent incidents and 94% of deaths in 2017.
The Government has a holistic approach towards combating LWE wherein it supplements the efforts of the State Governments over a wide range of measures. A National Policy and Action Plan has been put in place that envisages a multi-pronged strategy involving security related measures, developmental interventions and ensuring rights & entitlements of local communities etc. Security related measures include assistance to LWE affected States by providing CAPF Bns, helicopters, UAVs, construction of fortified police stations, funds for modernization of State Police forces, arms and equipment, training assistance, sharing of intelligence etc.
On development side, apart from flagship schemes of the Central Government in infrastructure, education, health, skill development, agriculture etc, several initiatives have been taken specifically for development of LWE affected areas. These include focused schemes for development of roads, installation of mobile towers, skill development, improving network of banks and post offices, health and education facilities, particularly in the most affected districts.
It is the carrot and stick approach with the former addressing the root causes of Maoism.
SAMADHAN strategy of 2017 combines the two as can be seen below: S-smart leadership, A-aggressive strategy, M-motivation and training, A-actionable intelligence, D-dashboard-based KPIs (key performance indicators) and KRAs (key result areas), H-harnessing technology, A-action plan for each theatre and N-no access to financing.