Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme

  Jul 20, 2020

Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme

Why is it in News? 

Recently, the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme has been activated as a response to the Covid-19 pandemic. There has also been a new guideline by Health Ministry that all pneumonia patients must be notified to the IDSP so that they can be tested for COVID-19. 

When was it launched? 

The Integrated Disease Surveillance Project was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in assistance with the World Bank, in 2004. It continued as the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) during 12th Plan (2012–17) under the National Health Mission with a domestic budget.

Under it, a Central Surveillance Unit (CSU) at Delhi, State Surveillance Units (SSU) at all State/Union Territories (UTs) headquarters and District Surveillance Units (DSU) at all Districts have been established.

What are its Objectives? 

To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based and IT enabled disease surveillance systems for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends. To detect and respond to outbreaks in the early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Teams (RRTs).

What are various Programme Components? 

How it helps in Controlling the Disease Outbreak?

What is use of IDSP portal? 

The IDSP portal is a one stop portal which has facilities for data entry, view reports, outbreak reporting, data analysis, training modules and resources related to disease surveillance.