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India Energy Modeling Forum

  Sep 07, 2020

India Energy Modeling Forum

Q. Why is this in news?

  • In the joint working group meeting of the Sustainable Growth Pillar of the India-US partnership, an India Energy Modeling Forum was launched. 
  • The forum would include knowledge partners, data agencies and concerned government ministries.
  • NITI Aayog will initially coordinate the activities of the forum and finalizing its governing structure.
  • Sustainable Growth Pillar is an important pillar of India-US Strategic Energy Partnership co-chaired by NITI Aayog and United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

Q. What does the Forum aims to?

Forum basically aims to :

  • Provide a platform to examine important energy and environmental related issues;
  • Inform decision-making process to the Indian government;
  • Improve cooperation between modelling teams, government, and knowledge partners, funders;
  • Facilitate exchange of ideas, ensure production of high-quality studies;
  • Identify knowledge gaps at different levels and across different areas;
  • Build capacity of Indian institutions.

Q. What is Energy Modeling?

  • Energy modeling or energy system modeling is the process of building computer models of energy systems in order to analyse them.
  • There exists energy modelling forums in different parts of the World.
  • Such models often employ scenario analysis to investigate different assumptions about the technical and economic conditions at play.
  • Outputs may include the system feasibility, greenhouse gas emissions, cumulative financial costs, natural resource use, and energy efficiency of the system under investigation.
  • Governments maintain national energy models for energy policy development.

Q. What are Energy Modelling Forums (EMF)?

  • The Energy Modelling Forum (EMF) in USA was established in 1976 at Stanford University to connect leading modelling experts and decision makers from government, industry, universities, and other research organizations.
  • The forum provides an unbiased platform to discuss the contemporary issues revolving around energy and environment.

Q. What are outcomes of the forum?

  • Discussions on energy modelling in India and the world explored how energy modeling can play an important role in decision-making.
  • The panellists laid focus on bridging the rural-urban divide and factoring in energy pressures from the informal economy within models.
  • Deliberations included a spotlight on how the impact of the evolving character of India’s cities, industries and especially the transport sector should be included in the any India-centric models.
  • The shift towards electric mobility, an increasing emphasis on mainstreaming of renewable energy options and overarching environmental concerns were also stated as key factors for determining India’s energy future.