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India- China Informal Summit at Mahabalipuram

  Jun 22, 2020

India- China Informal Summit at Mahabalipuram

What is the context? 

What are the outcomes of the summit?

  1. To celebrate the 70th anniversary of diplomatic relations the two countries will organise 70 activities including a conference on a ship voyage that will trace the historical connection between the two civilisations.
  2. A high- level economic and trade dialogue mechanism will be established with the objective of achieving enhanced trade and commercial relations.
  3. Mutual investments in identified sectors will be encouraged through the development of a manufacturing partnership.
  4. Sister- state relations will be established between Tamil Nadu and Fujian Province.

What are Informal Summits?

Wuhan Summit and Mahabalipuram Summit: A comparison

Wuhan Summit 2018 

Background: 

Significance of the summit: 

Major Takeaways: 

  1. Both the countries have decided to “issue strategic guidance to their militaries to strengthen communication” in order to build trust and mutual understanding and enhance predictability and effectiveness in the management of border affairs, essentially to avoid another Doklam-like confrontation 
  2. They have addressed measures to balance the ballooning trade deficit of about $52 billion (of about $84 billion bilateral trade), mostly by encouraging agricultural and pharmaceutical exports to China 
  3. Both the countries discussed a joint project in Afghanistan.This proposed joint economic project in Afghanistan could be instrumental in mitigating the trust deficit between the two sides. 
  4. They attempted to reduce the heat over unresolved issues and so-called “irritants” in the relationship, such as China’s block on India’s NSG membership bid or the UN’s terror designation for Pakistan-based groups, and India’s opposition to the Belt and Road Initiative or its use of the Tibet issue by strengthening the existing mechanisms of dialogue. 

Positive changes after the summit: 

Mahabalipuram Summit 2019

Background:

Significance of the summit:

Major Takeaways:

  1. To celebrate the 70th anniversary of diplomatic relations the two countries will organise 70 activities including a conference on a ship voyage that will trace the historical connection between the two civilisations.
  2. A high- level economic and trade dialogue mechanism will be established with the objective of achieving enhanced trade and commercial relations.
  3. Mutual investments in identified sectors will be encouraged through the development of a manufacturing partnership.
  4. Sister- state relations will be established between Tamil Nadu and Fujian Province.
  5. The 'Chennai connect' sets the tone for future discussions. Here, the two leaders agreed to set up a new mechanism to have better cooperation in trade and defence.

Conclusion:

What is Mahabalipuram’s China connection?

During the reign of Cholas:

About Mamallapuram

Facts about Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram:

Shore Temple

The Shore Temples at Mahabalipuram, a coastal village 50 km south of Madras, was constructed during the reign of Rajasimha in the 7th century. The temple with its beautiful polygonal dome saved the statues of Lord Vishnu and Shiva. These beautiful temples damaged by wind.  This temple is declared as world heritage sites since 1984.

Ratha' Cave Temple

The incredible Ratha cave temples of Mahabalipuram were constructed by the Pallava king Narsimha during the 7th and 8th centuries. The beauty of the rock-cut sculpture of the temple is reflection of grand architecture of Pallava rulers. This temple is known for its Rathas (temples in the form of chariots), Mandapas (cave sanctuaries), giant open-air reliefs such as the famous 'Descent of the Ganges', with thousands of sculptures to the glory of Shiva.

There are 8 rathas at Mahabalipuram, out of which 5 are named after the 'Pandavas' (five brothers) of Mahabharata and one after Draupadi. The five rathas that can be seen are Bhima Ratha, Dharmaraja Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Nakul Sahadev Ratha and Draupadi Ratha. The style of construction of these temple was based on Buddhist viharas and chaityas style. The unfinished three-storey Dharmaraja ratha is the largest. The Draupadi ratha is the smallest; it is one-storey and has an interesting thatch-like roof. The Arjuna ratha is dedicated to Lord Shiva while Draupadi Ratha is dedicated to Goddess Durga.

Olakkannesvara Temple

The Olakkannesvara Temple ("flame eye"; commonly Olakkanatha; also known as, "the Old Lighthouse") is in Mahabalipuram in Kancheepuram District in Tamil Nadu, India.  It is also a structural temple Like the Shore Temple. It was built during the 8th century. It is situated exactly above the Mahishasuramardini mandapa on a hillock, from where the town can be seen. It is dedicated to an incarnation of Lord Shiva. This temple is also counted in the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram which were designated as a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site since 1984. This temple is referred as ‘Mahishasura Temple’ by mistakes occasionally.