Hope: UAE Mars Mission

  Aug 04, 2020

Hope: UAE Mars Mission

Q. What is HOPE Mission?

A. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) Mars Mission or ‘Hope’ which is scheduled for launch on 16th July, 2020 is one of three missions launching to Mars this month. The USA and China, both have surface rovers in the late stages of preparation.

Q. What are some of its Key Points?

Q. What are expected benefits from this mission?

Q. What is its significance?

A. The country's primary aim is to inspire school children and spur its science and technology industries, which, in turn, will enable the Emirates to tackle critical issues like food, water, energy and a post-petroleum economy.

Q. Which all were previous UAE Space Missions?

A. It has built and launched three earth-observing satellites in collaboration with a South Korean manufacturer.

In 2019, the UAE bought a seat on a Russian Soyuz rocket and sent its first astronaut for an eight-day stay at the International Space Station.

Q. What are other Two Missions on Mars scheduled to be launched this month?

A.NASA’s Mars rover, Perseverance, with instruments to search for chemical signs of past life, is scheduled to launch on 30th July, 2020.

China is also launching an ambitious mission to Mars, Tianwen-1.

Q. Are there any reasons behind timing of Mars Missions?

A. Yes, the timing is dictated by the opening of a one-month window in which Mars and Earth are in ideal alignment on the same side of the sun, which minimizes travel time and fuel use. Such a window opens only once every 26 months.

Q. Which all are existing missions on Mars?

A. Only the USA has successfully put a spacecraft on Mars. Two NASA landers are operating on the Mars i.e. InSight and Curiosity.

Six spacecraft that are exploring Mars from orbit include three from the USA, two European and one from India (Mars Orbiter Mission).

Q. What all are Objective behind Mars Exploration:

A. Despite being starkly different in many ways, MARS has several Earth-like features– such as clouds, polar ice caps, volcanoes, and seasonal weather patterns.

For ages, scientists have wondered whether Mars can support life. In the past few years, Mars missions have been able to discover the possible presence of liquid water on the planet, either in the subsurface today or at some point in its past.