Geographical Indication

  Aug 20, 2017

Geographical Indication

What is a Geographical Indication?
A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin. It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods. Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production.
In December 1999, the Parliament had passed the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999. This Act seeks to provide for the registration and better protection of geographical indications relating to goods in India. The Act would be administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks- who is the Registrar of Geographical Indications. The Geographical Indications Registry would be located at Chennai.

Examples of Indian Geographical Indications.
What are the benefit of registration of geographical indications?
Who can apply for the registration of a geographical indication?
Who is a producer in relation to a Geographical Indication?
Is a registration of a geographical indication compulsory and how does it help the applicant?
Who can use the registered geographical indication?
An authorised user has the exclusive rights to the use of geographical indication in relation to goods in respect of which it is registered.

How long the registration of Geographical Indication is valid?
The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years

Can a Geographical Indication be renewed?
It can be renewed from time to time for further period of 10 years each.

How a geographical indication is different from a trade mark?
Whereas a geographical indication is an indication used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite geographical territory.