Forest Rights Act, 2006

  Jul 25, 2020

Forest Rights Act, 2006

Q. What are some of the features of this act?


Q. What all are types of rights recognised by the act ?

A. The act identify four types of rights:

1. Title rights: It gives FDST and OTFD the right to ownership to land farmed by tribals or forest dwellers subject to a maximum of 4 hectares.

Ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family and no new lands will be granted.

2. Use rights: The rights of the dwellers extend to extracting Minor Forest Produce, grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc.

3. Relief and development rights: To rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection

4. Forest management rights: It includes the right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any community forest resource which they have been traditionally protecting and conserving for sustainable use.

Q. Who can claim these Rights?

A. Members or community of the Scheduled Tribes who primarily reside in and who depend on the forests or forest lands for bona fide livelihood needs. It can also be claimed by any member or community who has for at least three generations (75 years) prior to the 13th day of December, 2005 primarily resided in forests land for bona fide livelihood needs.

Q. Which authority responsible for it?

A. The Gram Sabha is the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of Individual Forest Rights (IFR) or Community Forest Rights (CFR) or both that may be given to FDST and OTFD.

Q. What is the procedure for it?

A. First, the gram sabha makes a recommendation – i.e who has been cultivating land for how long, which minor forest produce is collected, etc. The gramsabha’s recommendation goes through two stages of screening committees at the taluka and district levels.

The district level committee makes the final decision Finally, land recognised under this Act cannot be sold or transferred.

Q. What is its importance?


Q. What are challenges ahead ?

Q. What would be the way forward ?