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Floriculture Mission by CSIR

  Mar 17, 2021

Floriculture Mission by CSIR

Q. What is the news? 

  • Recently, CSIR Floriculture Mission has been approved for implementation in 21 States and Union Territories of India.

Q. What is this mission?

  • Floriculture is a branch of horticulture that deals with the cultivation, processing and marketing of ornamental plant vis-à-vis landscaping of small or large areas, and maintenance of gardens so that the surroundings may appear aesthetically pleasant.
  • The mission will focus on commercial floral crops, seasonal/annual crops, wild ornaments and cultivation of flower crops for honey bee rearing. 
    • Some of the popular crops include Gladiolus, Canna, Carnation, Chrysanthemum, Gerbera, Lilium, Marigold, Rose, Tuberose etc.
  • In the mission, available knowledge base in Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Institutes will be utilized and leveraged to help Indian farmers and industry.
    • The Indian floriculture market was worth Rs. 15,700 crore in 2018. The market is projected to reach Rs. 47,200 crore by 2024 during 2019-24.

Q. Which all are the implementing agencies? 

CSIR and 

  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR),
  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC),
  • Fragrance and Flavour Development Centre (FFDC), Kannauj, and
  • Ministry of Commerce and Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME).

Q What is its significance ? 

  • Raising Income: Floriculture has the potential to provide employment to a large number of people through nursery raising, floriculture farming, entrepreneurship development for nursery trade, value addition and export.
  • Agro Climatic diversity: India has diverse agro-climatic and edaphic conditions (physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil), and rich plant diversity, still it shares only 0.6% of the global floriculture market.
  • Import Substitution: At least 1200 million USD worth of floriculture products are being imported by India every yearfrom different countries.
  • The convergence of Floriculture with Apiculture (beekeeping) as envisaged in the mission will yield even greater benefits.