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Discuss the ethical importance of the philosophy of humanism.

  Aug 16, 2016

Discuss the ethical importance of the philosophy of humanism.

Throughout recorded history there have been  two sources of humanism: Firstly from  people who have believed that the universe is a natural phenomenon with no supernatural side, and that we can live ethical and fulfilling lives on the basis of reason and humanity. They have trusted  the scientific method, evidence, and reason to discover truths about the universe and have placed human welfare and happiness at the centre of their ethical decision making. Today, people who share these beliefs and values are called humanists and this combination of attitudes is called Humanism. Secondly, from religious ideas where the liberation of humans is taught by reason and deliberate effort. The ethical value of humanism lies in the equality it asserts. The emphasis on human effort solving human problems creates collective optimism.  Constitutionalism that empowers citizens through law; public policy  of the democratic and welfare state ; and scientific innovation and people gaining access to technological benefits, in short, the benefits of enlightenment are the result of humanist  beliefs and commitments. Above all, it values human effort and encourages it to strive higher.