A Disaster Risk Index (DRI) has been prepared that assigns scores to each state based on probability of hazard and vulnerability of the state to deal with disaster.
Why in news?
Recently, 15th Finance Commission has attempted a transparent methodology for disaster management based on Disaster Risk index.
How it is measured?
The DRI has been developed through a quantitative exercise assigning scores to the probability of hazards and the extent of vulnerability of a state.
|Probability of hazards||Vulnerability of a state|
|Dimensions used||Hazard zonation and risk exposure maps.|
|Internal division||Area and population have been given weightage of 15 per cent each.|
|Other facts||The vulnerability has been assigned based on the below poverty line population. States with poverty rate of 26 per cent and above have been assigned the highest score of 30.|
States in Highest Rank Category
Odisha (90) > Bihar (80) > Gujarat (80) > Uttar Pradesh (75) >West Bengal (75)