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Bishkek Declaration

  Mar 06, 2020

Bishkek Declaration

What is Bishkek Declaration?

  • Bishkek Declaration is related to the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation's Heads of State Council.
  • The member states stressed that acts of terrorism and extremism cannot be justified.
  • India and other members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) have condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
  • The members have also called on the international community to promote cooperation in combatting the menace.
  • The SCO member states also urged the global community to work towards a consensus on adopting the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT).

What is Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)?

The CCIT was proposed by India in 1996. 

CCIT provides a legal framework which makes it binding on all signatories to deny funds and safe havens to terrorist groups.

It included following major objectives:

  • To have a universal definition of terrorism that all 193-members of the UNGA will adopt into their own criminal law
  • To ban all terror groups and shut down terror camps
  • To prosecute all terrorists under special laws
  • To make cross-border terrorism an extraditable offence worldwide.

What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)?

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.
  • The SCO is widely regarded as the "alliance of the East", due to its growing centrality in Asia-Pacific, and has been the primary security pillar of the region. 
  • It is the largest regional organisation in the world in terms of geographical coverage and population. This organization represents approximately 42% of the world’s population, 22% of its land area and 20% of its GDP. The organization, for reference purposes, works on the basis of consensus.