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Bill to amend Wildlife Protection Act

  Jan 15, 2022

Bill to amend Wildlife Protection Act

Q Why is it in News ?

A Forests Minister has introduced in Lok Sabha the Wildlife Protection (Amendment) Bill to ensure that the original 1972 Act complies with the requirements of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Q What the Amendment brings in?

1.  Standing Committee of State Board for Wildlife

2. Seized Species

3.  Reducing number of Schedules

4.  Wildlife Management Plans

Q What is the need for the Amendment ?

A Blacklisting by CITES would affect trade in important plant species

Q What are the detail about CITES ?

Q What are CITES Appendices ?

It has three appendices:

Q What are some key details about Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 ?

There are six schedules provided in the WPA for protection of wildlife species which can be concisely summarized as under:

Schedule I:These species need rigorous protection and therefore, the harshest penalties for violation of the law are for species under this Schedule.
Schedule II:Animals under this list are accorded high protection. They cannot be hunted except under threat to human life.
Schedule III & IV:This list is for species that are not endangered. This includes protected species but the penalty for any violation is less compared to the first two schedules.
Schedule V:This schedule contains animals which can be hunted.
Schedule VI:This list contains plants that are forbidden from cultivation.