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Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020

  Jan 30, 2022

Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020

Q Why is it in News ?

AThe Lok Sabha has passed the Assisted Reproductive Technology- ART (Regulation) Bill,, 2020 that proposes the establishment of a national registry and registration authority for all clinics and medical professionals serving in the field.

Q What are Key highlights of the Bill?

AThe Bill defines ART to include all techniques that seek to obtain a pregnancy by handling the sperm or the oocyte (immature egg cell) outside the human body and transferring the gamete or the embryo into the reproductive system of a woman.

National and State Boards:

  1. Advising the central government on ART related policy matters
  2. Reviewing and monitoring the implementation of the Bill
  3. Formulating code of conduct and standards for ART clinics and banks
  4. Overseeing various bodies to be constituted under the Bill
  5. State Boards will coordinate enforcement of the policies and guidelines for ART as per the recommendations, policies, and regulations of the National Board

Rights of a child born through ART

Q What are Regulations of ART clinics and banks?

A

Q What are Conditions for gamete donation and supply ?

A

Q What are the conditions for offering ART services ?

A

Q What are the Offences and penalties proposed in Bill ?

A  Offences under the Bill include:

  1. Abandoning, or exploiting children born through ART,
  2. Selling, purchasing, trading, or importing human embryos or gametes,
  3. Using intermediates to obtain donors,
  4. Exploiting commissioning couple, woman, or the gamete donor in any form, and
  5. Transferring the human embryo into a male or an animal