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Amendments to the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

  Mar 30, 2021

Amendments to the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980

Q. What is the news? 

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has proposed several amendments to the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 (FCA), which may enable infrastructure projects to come up in the forest areas more easily.

Q. What are the amendments?

The amendments, however, propose two changes to strengthen the applicability of the FCA, according to the documents accessed:

  1. To complete the process of forest identification in a time-bound manner
  2. To enable the creation of ‘no-go’ areas, where specific projects would not be allowed

Q. What is The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980? 

The FCA is the principal legislation that regulates deforestation in the country.

The FCA is brief legislation with only five sections of which-

Q. What are the Key propositions of the Amendment?

The proposed amendments seek to make additions and changes to Section 1 and 2.

(1) Concessions to survey and exploration

The only exception is if the activity falls within a wildlife sanctuary, national park or tiger reserve.

(2) Exemptions to Railways and roads inside forests

(3) Leases on forest land

(4) Exemptions to plantations

(5) Exemptions to wildlife tourism, training infrastructure

(6) States may grant forest clearance for strategic / security projects

Q. What might be its Impact? 

Q. What lies ahead?