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Al Shabaab

  Jul 03, 2020

Al Shabaab

Who are the Al Shabaab? Discuss with examples their quarrel with the US in Kenya? 

  1. The Islamist Al Shabaab group is active in East Africa and is involved in the ongoing civil war in Somalia. 
  2. The group has been fighting to overthrow the weak West-backed Somali government, the latter being supported by a 21,000-strong African Union peacekeeping force.
  3. Recently a military base in Kenya, used by US and Kenyan forces, came under attack from the Somalia-based Al Shabaab militant group. US aircraft and vehicles were destroyed in the assault and four attackers were killed.
  4. While there have been confrontations between the US and Al Shabaab in the past, this is the first time the latter has struck US forces inside Kenya, considered to be a key base for fighting the highly resilient militant group.
  5. In 2011, Kenya invaded southern Somalia following kidnappings that Al Shabaab claimed, and the former’s troops were integrated into the peacekeeping force a year later.
  6. In 2013, the militant group struck the Kenyan capital Nairobi in a multi-day attack that left 67 dead. A year later, a US airstrike killed key Al Shabaab leader Ahmed Abdi Godane.
  7. The group in 2015 killed 148 people at Garissa University College in central Kenya in a 15-hour siege.
  8. In October 2017, truck bombings believed to be carried out by Al Shabaab killed over 500 in Mogadishu in Somalia. A US airstrike killed more than a hundred militants affiliated with the group in the country a month later.
  9. In January 2019, Al Shabaab launched a suicide attack on an upscale hotel and office complex in Nairobi, killing 21 people.
  10. In September, the group carried out a raid on the Baledogle base in Somalia, which is used by both Somali special forces and American troops. The base was not breached, and all attackers were killed.