Who are the intermediaries?
Information Technology Act, 2000 says intermediaries are telecom service providers, Internet service providers, web-hosting service providers, search engines, online payment sites, online auction sites, online market places, cyber cafes etc. Section 87 of the IT Act gives power to the central government to frame Rules. Centre did so in 2011 to regulate intermediaries.
What were the cases and where were they pending?
In Madras, Bombay and Madhya Pradesh High Courts, appeals were pending about regulation of intermediaries.
The social media sites like Facebook want all these cases from the High Courts to be taken up by the apex court so that the ruling will have national application; and can not be challenges thus removing room for uncertainty and delay. The social media platforms have been opposed to this move to link user profiles with Aadhaar as it would reduce their traffic and revenues.
Where is the need to regulate the sites?
It is therefore necessary to control those on the sites as much as the sites themselves.
What does the Supreme Court say?
The Supreme Court said that there is a need to find a balance between the right to online privacy and the right of the state to trace the origins of hateful messages and fake news. Madras High Court dismissed the original prayer to link Aadhaar to social media accounts as it violated the Supreme Court's judgment on Aadhaar. Arguments start in 2020 January in Supreme Court that withdrew the case to itself.
What are the issues?
Does the present Aadhaar Act allow it?
Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has said the current legislation only enables use of the unique identity for its schemes and Subsidies funded out of the Consolidated Fund of India. Therefore, for anything outside the purview of the Act, a new law would have to be put in place. This is also the ruling of the apec court in Puttaswamy case where it pronounced right to privacy as a Fundamental Right.