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What is Value Capture Financing (VCF)? Explain the components and working mechanism of Value Capture Financing (VCF)?

What is Value Capture Financing (VCF)? Explain the components and working mechanism of Value Capture Financing (VCF)?
About
Value capture is a type of public financing that recovers some or all of the value that public infrastructure generates for private landowners. It seeks to enable States and city governments raise resources by tapping a share of increase in value of land and other properties like buildings resulting from public investments and policy initiatives, in the identified area of influence.
How does it work?
Value capture financing (VCF) works on the conviction that public policy and infrastructure projects typically lead to improvement in the quality of housing, jobs access and transportation, yield other social benefits, and lead to the emergence of important commercial, cultural, institutional, or residential developments in the influence area. This, in turn, leads to an appreciation in land value in the neighborhood.
The VCF process comprises 4 key steps:
  1. Value creation: Public regulations, policies and investments lead to creation of value
  2. Value realization by private owners: For instance, the investment made by a developer fetches a bigger monetary value when he sells housing units along a metro corridor planned by the government than he would have without the project
  3. Value capture: It involves the government and private owners agree to a sharing mechanism for the value captured
  4. Value recycle: The resources collected are ploughed back in other parts of the city to create fresh value