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Integrated Disease Surveillance Project

Integrated Disease Surveillance Project
According to a recent data of Health Ministry Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) has indicated that food poisoning is one of the commonest outbreaks reported in 2017. This is apart from acute diarrhoeal disease (ADD).
According to the recent data, 312 of the 1,649 outbreaks in 2017 were due to ADD and 242 were due to food poisoning. The IDSP has interpreted that the incidence of ADD and food poisoning is high in places where food is cooked in bulk, such as canteens, hostels and wedding venues.
Food poisoning, also called food-borne illness, is caused by eating contaminated food. Infectious organisms including bacteria, viruses and parasites or their toxins are the most common causes.
Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) was launched in 2004 for a period upto 2010. The project was restructured and extended 2012. The project continues in the 12th Plan with domestic budget as Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme under National Health Mission for all States.
Objectives Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP): To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance system for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team (RRTs)
Programme Components:
i.Integration and decentralization of surveillance activities through establishment of surveillance units at Centre, State and District level.
ii.Human Resource Development – Training of State Surveillance Officers, District Surveillance Officers, Rapid Response Team and other Medical and Paramedical staff on principles of disease surveillance.
iii.Use of Information Communication Technology for collection, collation, compilation, analysis and dissemination of data.
iv.Strengthening of public health laboratories.
v.Inter sectoral Co-ordination for zoonotic diseases